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For example, Pulido attempted to replicate Burns’s findings in Mexican college students. Experiment 1 showed that letter string problem solving is significantly impaired by the punishment of correct answers; it also showed that the deleterious effects of punishment increase with exposure to the experimental procedures; practice also increases the probability of producing a correct clqsico in at least one experimental condition.
Thus the results produced so far suggest that operant conditioning may be an important feature in letter string problem solving.
Impact of superficial similarity in the application phase of analogical problem solving. This means that “correct” answers were punished and “incorrect” answers were reinforced. Check out this article to learn more or contact your system administrator. General Discussion Experiment 1 showed that letter string problem solving is significantly impaired by the punishment of correct answers; it also showed that the deleterious effects of punishment increase with exposure to the experimental procedures; practice also increases the probability of producing a correct answer in at least one experimental condition.
The “X” axis shows consecutive problems; the “Y” axis shows the average number of correct responses for each problem. Cancel Reply 0 characters used from the allowed. The behavior of organisms.
Add a personal note: El efecto de las similitudes superficiales y del tipo de problema. Thus, the results of the first study suggest that an operant, rather than cognitive, conceptual framework could be used to further control and understand this particular behavior.
Por ejemplo, imaginemos que los amigos de Pepe le alaban cuando no trae los deberes hechos y se enfrenta al profesor refuerzo positivo de conducta incompatible. En general, los consecuentes que aumentan la conducta se llaman reforzadores o refuerzos, y los que disminuyen la conducta se llaman castigos Figura 3.
Figure 4 shows that the average number of successful responses remains high and stable in the first experimental condition nearing an average of 15 correct responses throughout the study.
SEMANA 3. Condicionamiento clásico y operante – Aprendizaje y memoria
The first study, suggests that the experimental procedures employed in the first study may considerably enhance the successful solution of letter string problems; additionally, the results suggest that the punishment of xlasico answers considerably hinders the solution of these same problems. Algo importante a tener en cuenta es la cantidad y naturaleza del reforzador. Analogical transfer, problem similarity and expertise.
Results Figure three shows cumulative success for each subject in each experimental condition. Thus, the data produced by the second study are in general agreement with a Behavioral Momentum account of letter string problem solving; however the data also suggest that the effects of previous reinforcement on response persistence may be mediated claisco the type of problem presented to the subject. Figure 5 shows the average lcasico of producing a correct opernte in the last twelve problems for all subjects and experimental conditions.
Response strength in multiple schedules. Luego, al llegar a casa reforzamos: A total of 57 undergraduate students from an university from Mexico City participated in the study; both male and female students were recruited. Once the example was presented, the participant received one of the booklets and was asked to solve the problems one by one.
When a particular research field produces this type of results, it is possible that the conceptual framework that produced them is basically incorrect. Thus the hypotheses formulated in the present study can be considered only partially confirmed. The present study conceptualized letter string problem solving as operant behavior, and immediately produced results that have no parallel in the traditional literature on the subject.
Data showed punishment significantly decreased the number of correct answers produced by the subjects; additionally practice significantly increased the number of correct clasido in one reinforced condition and lowered the number of correct answers in the punishment group.
Programas simples de reforzamiento: Each graph shows in the “y” axis the number of correct answers; the “x” axis shows consecutive problems. Present to your audience. Condiionamiento decir, a consecuencia de emitir la conducta de pegar algo apetitivo para el ver la tele desaparece. This assertion is further supported by the results of the second experiment that showed that a typical operant phenomenon, produced with rodents, and a lever pressing response occurs in human subjects producing letter string problem answers.
The relative law of effect: The experiment will not condiciionamiento more than twenty minutes of your condicionamiebto and the results will be helpful for the development of theories regarding logical reasoning. The aim and progress of psychology and other sciences.
Behavioral momentum and the partial reinforcement effect. The columns in the left side of the Figure show the average number of seconds for the solution of the problems; the columns in the right side of the Condicionamienyo show the average number of “correct” answers.
Effects of shock intensity on response strength in multiple schedules.
Reinforcement schedules and response strength. See more popular or the latest prezis.
IVAN PAVLOV CONDICIONAMIENTO CLASICO PDF
The Figure shows that response times decreased in both experimental and control conditions. The experimenter registered solution time, initiating timing when the problem was uncovered by a white card, and stopping the clock when the subject finished the last word of the answer. Behavioral economics and behavioral momentum.