Mehaaniline armatuuri lõikur C6 22 | TOOLS \ REBAR TOOLS \ SIMA rebar tools | Opis towaru w meta zmienisz w dziale MODERACJA \ SEO. Find eurotec from a vast selection of Tools & Collectable Hardware. Get great deals on eBay!. Alternator () producer EUROTEC cheap Alternator Art. No EUROTEC AUDI A6 (4F2, C6) price Alternator EUROTEC Art. no –

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Read this manual completely before installing and operating the equipment. Ensure all safety instructions and procedures are correctly followed and that all operators are fully trained.

All other manuals relevant to components and equipment of the installation must be followed. Declaration of Conformity 5. Installation and Operating Instructions 9. Set Up Procedure 0. Changing Colour and End of Shift Cleaning. Total Energy Control 4. Manual Boxfeed Spray Unit Model: Vibrating chassis accepts all popular sizes of powder containers up to 30 kg 66 lbs. Powder box is mounted at an angle in two planes so that powder is extracted from the lowest point to ensure optimum powder utilisation.

Box vibration is supplied by a quiet high efficiency pneumatic vibrator with low air consumption. The frequency may be altered to suit the powder being used and to provide the most effective vibration relative to powder level.

To avoid excessive compaction of powder which would be caused by constant vibration and to ensure economical operation, the vibrator operates only when the gun trigger is pulled. A fluidising pad fitted at the induction point of the suction tube loosens and fluidises powder locally in the pick-up area of the powder, thus ensuring an even powder supply from difficult or heavily impacted powders. The fluidising pad operates only upon triggering of the spray gun.

A non fluidising suction eudotec is also available as an additional option if required, as many powders will spray quite satisfactorily without the need of local fluidising. The controlled radius arm ensures correct positioning within the powder box, the arm simply lifting clear to a ‘park’ position for fast box replacement and colour changing. The C85D can be supplied as a single or double unit and a single unit can be upgraded to a double system at a later date if so required.

The construction is of a robust design with a low centre of gravity and is transported on large conductive castors. Power transmission between the control unit and spray gun is by a highly flexible, sealed cable assembly. General Direct Boxfeed Manual Unit: Hose and Cable Length to Gun: Charge Control – Eurorec Panel Rotary potentiometer – sets the maximum level of charge.

Manual position- Unit is triggered by micro-switch in Hand Gun or other remote triggering device. Mains Input Via connector on bottom panel. Mains Output Socket, non switched, 6A max. May be used to connect additional control units. Trigger Switch – Remote Micro-switch in hand gun – connected through plug and socket on bottom of control unit.

Circuit Protection Miniature circuit breakers: Oil free to 0. Pneumatic Controls Incoming solenoid valve – Internal Normally closed – opens upon operation of eurotce switch on hand gun. Controls air supply to ‘powder delivery’, ‘powder dilution’, and ‘vibrator’ pressure regulators see Pressure Regulators and Guages. Also controls air supply to the ‘switched auxiliary air supply’ valve on the top panel which supplies the fluidising pad see below. Switched Auxiliary Air Supply Valve When switched to the “On” position the Switched Auxiliary Air Supply Valve enables the fluidising pad to operate via a flow regulator mounted on top of the vertical column and supplies air to the gun which is regulated using a flow regulator on the side of the gun handle.

The new Maier C6 – economical, accurate and fast

euroteec Pressure Regulators and Gauges These control the air supply pressure to the following: Powder Dilution – bar 30 psi venturi dilution; controls mixture ratio of powder to air from venturi to the gun.

Maintained unregulated output for connection of e. Supplied with blanking plug fitted. Weights and Dimensions Hand Gun Weight: Carefully remove units and components from packaging, and check contents against packing list. Secure the Gun Control Unit to the vertical column using the -off M6 x socket cap head screws and lock washers as shown.

Pass the four un-connected airlines through the uerotec in the front face of the vertical column below the Gun Control Unit and connect them to the air fittings on the bottom of the Gun Control Unit as follows: Insert the suction tube through the fittings on the front bracket of the articulated arm, fit the sealing washer and then clip the venturi onto eurootec mounting clip. Connect the three airlines which exit the front of the articulated arm as follows: Secure the Gun Hook to the side of the vertical column oposite the Gun Control Unit using the -off M6 x button head screws as shown.

Remove the hand gun from the carton. Eurogec gun is supplied fitted with a five metre hose and cable set comprising of: The remaining end of the cable set should be connected as follows: The square electrical connector to the ‘Gun Supply and Trigger’ connection on the rear of the control panel.

The large bore powder hose to the powder spigot on the venturi. Connect a suitable airline to the ‘mains air supply in’ air fitting. If not already fitted, fit the spray nozzle to the gun by removing the large front 0 C85D. Fit either the slotted cap over the front end of the nozzle, or one of the three deflectors supplied.

The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter N or coloured black. The unit is now ready for use. This equipment can be dangerous unless it is used in accordance with the instructions laid down in this manual. Refer to assembly instructions item 5. The electrical supply to the electrostatic gun and control unit must be interlocked with the spray booth extraction system such that spraying cannot be carried out unless the exhaust ventilation system is in operation.

The efficiency of the exhaust ventilation system should be checked regularly. All conductive structures within the vicinity of the spray area shall be bonded together with the earth terminal of the gun control unit to the protective earth of the system. The equipment operates by electrostatically charging the powder by means of a high voltage corona discharge at the nozzle of the gun. This electrostatic discharge can seriously damage other electronic equipment if it is sited in close proximity and not suitably protected.

It is essential that all jigs and workpieces are adequately earthed. The workpiece shall have a resistance to earth of no greater than Mohm. This should be checked regularly. If the earthing is not adequate, this can result in: This interference may also affect computer systems and process controllers.

Ensure that the air supply is clean and dry. Ensure that all switches are in the OFF position and that all pressure regulators are closed, the knobs should be turned fully anti-clockwise.

The knobs of the pressure regulators are released by pulling outwards and locked by pressing inwards.

Lift the articulated arm until the spring loaded retaining catch locks into position. Place an open box of powder onto the unit base with the internal plastic bag pulled over the outside of the box or rolled down. Pull out the retention plunger and lower the venturi suction tube into the powder the presence of a spring latch is to ensure no damage occurs to the tie rod if the arm is forced down without first releasing the retaining plunger, this is a safety device and should not be abused.

Improper use of this latch may result in damage to the unit and consequently invalidate any warranty. The tube will enter the powder towards the centre of the box and will “burrow” into the powder and locate towards the corner of the box during operation. The green LED above the switch will illuminate. With the spray gun pointing into an extracted spray booth, eutotec the auxiliary air switch on the top right hand of the control unit.

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Then operate the trigger eutotec the gun and open the flow regulator on the left hand side of the gun handle until a hissing is euortec from the nozzle of the gun. With the trigger still pressed, open the flow regulator at the top of the column by turning the knob clockwise until a v6 disturbance of powder is noticed around the fluidising euroted.

This air supply should be kept to a minimum consistent with smooth powder flow to prevent powder from being ejected into the surrounding air. Check that all regulators are operating when the trigger is pulled and eurtec pressures as necessary to ensure an even flow of the desired quantity of powder from the gun.

The powder in the box should be seen to be moving towards the suction tube when the vibrator is operating and powder is being sprayed. The air pressure required for the vibrator will depend upon the type and condition of the powder being used, but too high a pressure will normally have an adverse effect on vibration. It may be necessary rurotec lower the air pressure to the vibrator when the powder level in the box is relatively low.

If, however, the fluidisation of the powder is too violent, difficulty may be experienced in eliminating surging and erratic powder delivery. With the gun pointing into an extracted spray booth, operate the trigger and slowly turn the Control Potentiometer clockwise. As the energy threshold for charging the powder is reached the shape of the powder cloud will be seen to rapidly expand. The Control Potentiometer should be further adjusted, with reference to the Electrostatic Meter, to give the desired charging potential up to a maximum 85 kv.

When setting the maximum discharge potential the spray gun discharge needle should be placed approximately 00 mm from earth.

Mehaaniline armatuuri lõikur C6 22

The yellow LED will remain illuminated. This setting has no effect on the generation of the electrostatic charge, it euortec enables the discharge current ua to be monitored on the electrostatic meter. It will be seen that this will vary between ua depending on the chosen discharge potential and the distance between the gun discharge electrode and the workpiece, or earth.

The discharge potential kv required will depend largely on the object to be coated, although such parameters as environmental conditions may affect the C85D 3.

Generally, intricate objects or components with difficult return edges, internal corners or deep recesses, or welded tubular structures may benefit from low discharge potentials of say kv whereas large simple panels may benefit from higher potentials of say kv. It will be found that aluminium parts require lower settings than steel parts and that re-coating of items which have already been powder coated may require very low settings such as kv.

Thicker coatings may generally be applied with lower discharge potentials, whereas higher discharge potentials give more of a self limiting effect for thinner coatings, but care must be taken to avoid surface disruptions and back ionisation. The small flow regulator on the left hand side of the spray gun is used to control the air flow which passes forward through the nozzle. This air flow must be adjusted to ensure that the electrode and spreader faces are maintained clean.


content are free of defects, merchantable, fit for a particular purpose or . Check the answer of this question online on : Java objects. It contains questions and answers. Java Unrated Add to. Mock exam questions to help study for the SCJP Java 6 Exam. Free. SCJP. 5, Free scjp & questions, 55, Collection which grows with time. 6, Marcus The authors do not directly provide the answers to the mock exam. You have.

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To track your preparation progress with statistics, see explanations for questions and much more. Develop code that declares classes including abstract and all forms of nested classesinterfaces, and enums, and includes the appropriate use of package quesitons import statements including static imports. Develop code that declares an interface. Develop code that implements or extends one or more interfaces. Develop code that declares an abstract class. Develop code that extends an abstract class.

Develop code that declares, initializes, and uses primitives, arrays, enums, and objects as static, instance, and local variables. Also, use legal identifiers for variable names. Develop code that declares both static and non-static methods, and – if appropriate – use method names that adhere to the JavaBeans naming standards.

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Also develop code that declares and uses a variable-length argument list. Given a code example, determine if a method is correctly overriding or overloading another method, and identify legal return values including covariant returnsfor the method. Given a set of classes and superclasses, develop constructors for one or more of the classes. Given a class declaration, determine if a scjjp constructor will be created, and if so, determine the behavior of that constructor.


Given a answera or non-nested class listing, write code to instantiate the class. Develop code that implements an if or switch statement; and identify legal argument types for these statements.

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Java certification Practice Questions -SCJP

Recognize the effect of an exception arising at a specified point in a code fragment. Note that the exception may be a runtime exception, a checked exception, or an error.

Recognize situations that will result in any of the following being thrown: Understand which of these are thrown by the virtual machine and recognize situations in which others should be thrown programatically. Develop code that uses the primitive wrapper classes such as Boolean, Character, Double, Integer, etc.

Given a scenario involving navigating file systems, reading from files, writing to files, or interacting with the user, develop the correct solution using the following classes annswers in combinationfrom java.

Describe the purpose and use of the java. For strings, write code that uses the Pattern and Matcher classes and the String. Recognize and use regular expression patterns for matching. Write code to define, instantiate, and start new threads using both java.

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Write code that uses the generic versions of the Collections API, in particular, the Set, List, and Map interfaces and implementation classes. Recognize the limitations of the non-generic Collections API and how to refactor code to use the generic versions. Write code that uses the NavigableSet and NavigableMap interfaces. Use capabilities in the java. Comparable interfaces to affect the sorting of lists and arrays. Furthermore, recognize the effect of the “natural ordering” of primitive wrapper classes and java.

Given a code example and a scenario, write code that uses the appropriate access modifiers, package declarations, and import statements to interact with through access or inheritance the code in the example. Determine the effect upon object references and primitive rree when they are passed into methods that perform assignments or other modifying operations on the parameters.

Given a code example, recognize the point at which an object becomes eligible for garbage collection, determine what is and is not guaranteed by the garbage collection system, and recognize the behaviors of the Object.

Given a code example and a classpath, determine whether the classpath will allow the code to compile successfully. Write code that correctly applies the appropriate operators including rree operators, arithmetic operators, relational operators, the instanceof operator, logical operators, and the conditional operator, to produce a desired result.

Write code that determines the equality of two objects or two primitives. Register Now To track your preparation progress with statistics, see explanations for questions and much more. What type of mock up test do you want to perform? Exam objectives to be included into your test Declarations, Initialization and Scoping Develop code that declares classes including abstract and all forms of nested classesinterfaces, and enums, and includes the appropriate use of package and import statements including static imports.

Flow Control Develop code that implements an if or switch statement; and identify legal argument types for these statements. Concurrency Write code to define, instantiate, and start new threads using both java. Given a scenario, write code that makes appropriate use of wait, notify, or notifyAll. OO Concepts Develop code that implements tight encapsulation, loose coupling, and high qkestions in classes, and describe the benefits. Fundamentals Given a code example and a scp, write code that uses the appropriate access modifiers, package declarations, and import statements to interact with through access or inheritance the code in the example.

Given an example of a class and a command-line, determine the expected runtime behavior. Declarations, Initialization and Scoping Develop code that declares classes including abstract and all forms of nested classesinterfaces, and enums, and includes the appropriate use of package and import statements including static imports.


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Canonical URL: ; File formats: Plain Text PDF; Status: PROPOSED STANDARD; Obsoleted by: RFC ; Updated by. Diameter is an authentication, authorization, and accounting protocol for computer networks. The Diameter base protocol is defined by RFC ( Obsoletes: RFC ) and defines the minimum requirements for an AAA protocol. Diameter. Diameter is the protocol used within EPS/IMS architectures for AAA ( Authentication, Diameter is specified primarily as a base protocol by the IETF in RFC

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Role of Diameter Agents In addition to client and servers, the Diameter protocol introduces relay, proxy, redirect, and translation agents, each of which is defined in Section 1. These Diameter agents are useful for several reasons: The Diameter protocol requires that agents maintain transaction state, which is used for failover purposes.

Transaction state implies that upon forwarding a request, its Hop-by-Hop identifier is saved; the field is replaced with a locally unique identifier, which is restored to its original value when the corresponding answer is received. The request’s state is released upon receipt of the answer. A stateless agent is one that only maintains transaction state. The Proxy-Info AVP allows stateless agents to add local state to a Diameter request, with the guarantee that the same state will be present in the answer.

However, the protocol’s failover procedures require that agents maintain a copy of pending requests. A stateful agent is one that maintains session state information; by keeping track of all authorized active sessions. Each authorized session is bound to a particular service, and its state is considered active either until it is notified otherwise, or by expiration.

DIAMETER – The Wireshark Wiki

Maintaining session state MAY be useful in certain applications, such as: A Diameter implementation MAY act as one type of agent for some requests, and as another type of agent for others. Relay Agents Relay Agents are Diameter agents that rrfc requests and route messages to other Diameter nodes based on information found in the messages e. Dia,eter routing decision is performed using a list of supported realms, and known peers. This is known as the Realm Routing Table, as is defined further in Section 2.

The use of Relays is advantageous since it eliminates the need for NASes to be configured with the necessary security information they would otherwise require to communicate with Diameter servers in other realms. Likewise, this reduces the configuration load 35888 Diameter servers that would otherwise be necessary when NASes are added, changed or deleted.

Relays modify Diameter messages by inserting and removing routing information, but do not modify any other portion of a message. Relaying of Diameter messages The example provided in Figure 2 depicts a request issued from NAS, which is diaketer access device, for the user bob example. Prior to issuing the request, NAS performs a Diameter route lookup, using “example.

Since Relays do not perform any application level processing, they provide relaying services for all Diameter applications, and therefore MUST advertise the Relay Application Identifier. However, they differ since they modify messages to implement policy enforcement. This requires that proxies maintain the state of their downstream peers e.

It is important to note that although proxies MAY provide a value-add function for NASes, they do not allow access devices to use end-to- end security, since modifying messages breaks authentication. Proxies MAY be used in call control centers or access ISPs that provide outsourced connections, they can monitor the number and diammeter of ports in use, and make allocation and admission decisions according to their configuration.

Proxies that wish to limit resources MUST maintain session state. All proxies MUST maintain transaction state. Since enforcing policies requires an understanding of the service being provided, Proxies MUST only advertise the Diameter applications they support.

Redirect Agents Redirect agents are useful in scenarios where the Diameter routing configuration needs to be centralized. An example is a redirect agent that provides services to all members of a consortium, but does not wish to be burdened with relaying all messages between realms.

This scenario is advantageous since it does not require that the consortium provide routing updates to its members when changes are made to a member’s infrastructure. Since redirect agents do not relay messages, and only return an answer with the information necessary for Diameter agents to communicate directly, they do not modify messages.

Since redirect agents do not receive answer messages, they cannot maintain session state. Further, since redirect agents never relay requests, they are not required to maintain transaction state.

The example provided in Figure 3 depicts a request issued from the access device, NAS, for the user bob example. Upon receipt of the redirect notification, DRL establishes a transport connection with HMS, if one doesn’t already exist, and forwards the request to it.

Redirecting a Diameter Message Since redirect agents do not perform any application level processing, they provide relaying services for all Diameter applications, and therefore MUST advertise the Relay Application Identifier. Translation Agents A translation fiameter is a device that provides translation between two protocols e. Translation agents are likely to be used as aggregation servers to communicate with a Diameter infrastructure, while allowing for the embedded systems to be migrated at a slower pace.

Given that the Diameter protocol introduces the concept of long-lived authorized sessions, translation agents MUST be session stateful and MUST maintain transaction state. Dkameter of messages can only occur if the diameterr recognizes the application of a particular request, and therefore translation agents MUST only advertise their locally supported applications. End-to-End Security Framework End-to-end security services include confidentiality and message origin authentication.

These services are provided by supporting AVP integrity and confidentiality between two peers, communicating through agents. The circumstances requiring the use of end-to-end security are determined by policy on diametsr of the peers. Security policies, which are not the subject of standardization, may be applied by next hop Diameter peer or by destination realm.

For example, where TLS or IPsec transmission- level security is sufficient, there may be no need for end-to-end security. End-to-end security policies include: Which AVPs are sensitive is determined by service provider policy.

AVPs containing keys and passwords should be considered sensitive. Accounting AVPs may be considered sensitive. Any AVP for which the P bit may be set or which may be encrypted may be considered sensitive. Diameter Path Authorization As noted in Section 2. Therefore, each connection is authenticated, replay and 388 protected and confidential on a per-packet basis. In addition to authenticating each connection, each connection as well as the entire session MUST also be authorized.

For example, a Diameter peer may be authentic, but that does not mean that it is authorized to act as a Diameter Server advertising a set of Diameter applications. Prior to bringing up a connection, authorization checks are performed at each connection along the path.

RFC – Diameter Base Protocol

Diameter sessions MUST be routed only through authorized nodes that have advertised support for the Diameter application required by the session. As noted in Section 6. The AVP contains the identity of the peer the request was received from.

For example, administrators within the home realm may not wish to honor requests that have been routed through an untrusted realm. By authorizing a request, the home Diameter server is implicitly indicating its willingness to engage in the business transaction as specified by the contractual relationship between the server and the previous hop.

A home realm may also wish to check that each accounting request message corresponds to a Diameter response authorizing the session. Accounting requests without corresponding authorization responses SHOULD be subjected to further scrutiny, as should accounting requests indicating a difference between the requested and provided service.

diamefer At each step, forwarding of an authorization response is considered evidence of a willingness to take on financial risk relative to the session. A local realm may wish to limit this exposure, for example, by establishing credit limits for intermediate realms and refusing to accept responses which would violate those limits. By issuing an accounting request corresponding to the authorization response, the local realm implicitly indicates its agreement to provide the service indicated in the authorization response.

Diameter Header A summary of the Diameter header format is shown below. The fields are transmitted in network byte order. Message Length The Message Length field is three octets and indicates the length of the Diameter message including the header fields. Command Flags The Command Flags diameher is eight bits. The following bits are assigned: If cleared, the message is an answer. P roxiable – If set, the message MAY be proxied, relayed or redirected.

If cleared, the message MUST be locally processed. E rror – If set, the message contains a protocol error, and the message will not conform to the ABNF described for this command.

Messages with the ‘E’. T Potentially re-transmitted message – This flag is set after a link failover procedure, to aid the removal of duplicate requests. It is set when resending requests not yet acknowledged, as an indication of a possible duplicate due to a link failure.

Diameter agents only need to be concerned about the number of requests they send based on a single received request; diametre by other entities need not be tracked. It can be set only in cases where no answer has been received from the server for a request and the request is sent again.

Diameter (protocol)

Command-Code The Command-Code field is three octets, and is used in order to communicate the command associated with the message. Application-ID Application-ID is four octets and is used to identify to which application the message is applicable for. The application can be an authentication application, an accounting application or a vendor specific application. Hop-by-Hop Identifier The Hop-by-Hop Identifier is an unsigned bit integer field in network byte order and aids in matching requests and replies.

The sender MUST ensure that the Hop-by-Hop identifier in a request is unique on a given connection at any given time, and MAY attempt to ensure that the number is unique across reboots. The Hop-by-Hop identifier is normally a monotonically increasing number, whose start value was randomly generated.

End-to-End Identifier The End-to-End Identifier is an unsigned bit integer field in network byte order and is used to detect duplicate messages. Upon reboot implementations MAY set the high order 12 bits to contain the low order 12 bits of current time, and the low order 20 bits to a random value. Senders of request messages MUST insert a unique identifier on each message.

The identifier MUST remain locally unique for a period of at least 4 minutes, even across reboots. The originator of an Answer message MUST ensure that the End-to-End Identifier field contains the same value that was found in the corresponding request.

The combination of the Origin-Host see Section 6. Duplicate answer messages that are to siameter locally consumed see Section 6. See Section 4 for more information xiameter AVPs.

Every Diameter message MUST contain a command code in its header’s Command-Code field, which is used to determine the action that is to be taken for a particular message. The following Command Codes are defined in the Diameter base protocol: The following format is used rcc the definition: The AVP can ; appear anywhere in the message. If an optional rule has no ; qualifier, then 0 or 1 such AVP may be ; present.


BUKU. Alma, Buchari, Pengantar Bisnis, Alfabeta Bandung, ,. Griffin & Ebert, Business, Prentice Hall,. Bovee, Thill and Schatzman, Business in. BUKU Alma, Buchari, Pengantar Bisnis, Alfabeta Bandung, , Griffin & Ebert, Business, Prentice Hall, Bovee, Thill and Schatzman, Business in Action. Dalam buku Ricky W Griffin mengklasifikasikan etika ke dalam tiga kategori from EKONOMI at Sebelas Maret Interested in pengantar ?.

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We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Published by Modified over 3 years ago. Who are some successful entrepreneurs griftin Gaza? Probe for local examples as well as better-known individuals. Why have these people been successful? Point out that regardless of product or market, pengantarr experts agree that personal characteristics are key to successful entrepreneurship.

Independently owned and managed business that does not dominate its market. Department of Commerce considers a business small if it has fewer than employees, pengabtar the Small Business Administration defines small business according to both the total number of employees AND total annual sales relative to other players in the industry.

Bisnis jilid 1 / Ricky W. Griffin, Ronald J. Ebert; alih bahasa Edina Cahyaningsih Tarmidzi

For the purpose of this course, we have opted to define small businesses as those that are independently owned and managed, and do not dominate their markets. Why the businesses in Palestine are dominated rgiffin small ones? Lack of availability of fund. Lack of awareness of the process of establishing corporations. The skills needed to set and manage large companies are not there. Lack of government support.

Role in the economy Small businesses play a critical role in the health of the U. According to the SBA, seven of the ten industries that added the most new jobs in were in sectors dominated by small businesses. Why are small businesses such prolific innovators?

Importance to big business: Small businesses play a crucial role in the success of large businesses in terms of supply, distribution, and services. Businesses Total Employees Under 20 or more Workers Total Employees Under 20 or more.

The total number of people employed by these small businesses is about one quarter of the entire U. Many students probably either work in small businesses, or come from families who run small businesses. Ask for a show of hands regarding how many students fit this bulu. What types of businesses have they worked for? What are the pros and cons of working in a small business?

Of owning a small business? The previous slide shows that while the vast majority of businesses are organized as sole proprietorships, corporations account for the overwhelming majority of aggregate sales revenue.

Why do corporations account for such a disproportionately large chunk of sales revenue? What are the implications for smaller businesses? For our economy as a whole? Freedom Simple to form Low start up costs Tax benefits Disadvantages: Unlimited Liability Limited resources Limited fundraising capability Lack of continuity Unlimited Liability Legal principle holding owners responsible for paying off all debts of a business.

Sole proprietors answer to no one but themselves—this is a terrific fit for certain personalities and we can probably all think of someone bisnus fits pengangar profile! In some states, forming a business is as simple as hanging a sign on the door. Low costs go hand-in-hand with minimal legal requirements Tax benefits: Sole proprietors are taxed only on personal income, and can take advantage of certain tax deductions.

Bisnis jilid 2 / Ricky W. Griffin, Ronald J. Ebert; Alih bahasa: Sita Wardhani

Sole proprietors are personally liable for all debts incurred by the company including damages in lawsuits. This is the most significant drawback to this form pengantaf business. This can ultimately limit the size of the business. Sole proprietors often find it difficult to borrow money. Difficult to provide loan security. A sole proprietorship legally dissolves when the owner dies. More talent and money More fundraising capability Relatively easy to form Tax benefits Disadvantages: Unlimited Liability Disagreements among partners Lack of continuity Unlimited Liability Pengntar principle holding owners responsible for paying off all debts of a business.

The most common type of partnership, a general partnership, is simply a sole proprietorship multiplied by the number of partner-owners.

More talent and money: A partnership draws on the talent and money of more than one person. Partnerships are able to borrow money more easily from lending institutions, and bisnos have the option of inviting more partners to invest. Relatively easy to form: Legal requirements are limited, but must include a partnership agreement of some kind. Partners are taxed only on personal income.

Each partner is liable for all debts incurred in pengahtar name of the partnership, even if one partner incurs a debt without the knowledge of the other partners. Partnerships have been known to ruin relationships between close friends and family members.

What are some possible safeguards against this happening? Creating a fair, complete partnership, planning up front for all the contingencies you can think of, developing a fair exit agreement at the outset of the partnership.

When one partner leaves griffun dies, the original partnership dissolves, and must be reorganized if other partners want to continue. Within a partnership, a significant level of conflict can be healthy and creative, generating more effective solutions to a range of different obstacles. However, an exit plan is still crucial in case disagreements become unmanageable. What should be included in the exit plan for a partnership?

Ronald J. Ebert & Ricky W. Griffin

How to dispose of and distribute assets, how to reorganize should one or more partners exit. But… An exit plan is still crucial! Corporations may perform the following activities: Sue and be sued Buy, hold, and sell property Make and sell goods and services to consumers Commit crimes and be tried and punished for them Discussion: Limited Liability Continuity Stronger fundraising capability Disadvantages: All share significant advantages and drawbacks.

The bukuu of investors owners for the debts of a corporation is limited to the size of their investments—a huge benefit! Theoretically, a corporation may continue to exist forever, with ownership transferred via sale of stock.

Lenders are more willing to grant loans. Larger corporations also have the option of selling stock to raise capital.

Profits earned by corporations are taxed at the corporate level, and then taxed again at the ownership level. El-Fayed took over Harrots.

Complicated and expensive to form: Costs include filing fees to meet government gruffin requirements, and usually legal fees as well. Private or closely held corporations: All stock is held by only a few people. Stock is available for sale to the general public. Firms must meet strict legal requirements to qualify. Limited liability corporations LLCs: A hybrid of a publicly held corporation and a partnership. Typically groups of doctors, lawyers, accountants, etc.

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These groups do not have unlimited professional liability: Subject to regulation in multiple countries. Share of ownership in a corporation Common Stock Preferred Stock.

The real owners of corporations. The most basic form of ownership. Common stockholders always have voting rights. Offers fixed dividends but no corporate voting rights. How many of you own stock? Use their voting power to elect the board of directors.

Elected members who are legally responsible for corporate actions and for hiring and overseeing corporate officers. They report to stockholders on performance. What kind of people should serve on the board of directors of a corporation? Possibilities include major shareholders, attorneys, academics, officers of other companies, and former government personnel.

What factors contribute to an effective board of directors? Senior managers of corporations who are responsible for overall performance. They report to the board of directors.


Name of instrument, m RealTime System composed of the msp and mrt modules. Country where designed/Manufactured/Reagents. The Abbott m System comprises the msp and mrz instruments, which are operated with separate System Control Center (SCC). J Clin Microbiol. Jun;47(6) doi: /JCM Epub Apr Performance of the Abbott real-time PCR assay using msp and .

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October 02, ; Accepted Date: October 15, ; Published Date: J Antivir Antiretrovir 2: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Out of paired plasma tested, Comparison of the mean VL with differences of the two methods using the Bland Altman plot showed rough symmetric distribution of the differences, indicating neither method is better than the other for measuring VL.

However, a relative high Of the ND Roche samples, 15 Differences in gene target, test sensitivity, input volume and their abilities to detect different HIV-1 subtypes could potentially explain some of the discordance. This method has now become a standard method for monitoring HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in the United States. This trend has lead to the development and approval of a number of diagnostic assays For reviews of these assays, see Constantine and Zhao, These two assays share three common features 1 Additional reduction in the lower limits of detection LOD of HIV-1 RNA from the earlier version; 2 New primers and probes designs for recognition of the different viral subtypes and circulating recombinant forms CRFs ; and 3 Reduction in hand-on time by configuring the test near to full automation.

Table 1 summarizes the assay characteristics of these two assays. Another common feature of these two assays is the use of realtime PCR as their underlying technology for the measurement of HIV- 1 viral load.

This gene-target based amplification method is based on the determination of the threshold cycle CT when the amplified product is detected for the first time and the PCR is still in its exponential phase Ciotti et al. Different from the conventional PCR, an internal probe is added to the detection process, which is an oligo nucleotide with both a fluorescent reporter and a fluorescent quencher dye attached.

Digestion of the probe DNA separates the reporter dye from the quencher dye, making the reporter dye signal detectable.

Detection of the resulting fluorescence collectively provides an immediate real-time quantification of the PCR process.

Using the TaqMan analyzer, the sample extraction volume protocol is 0. Four different sample extraction volumes 0. The Abbott method uses real-time platforms with fluorescence detection systems Abbott, b ; Scott et al. It runs 96 samples per run per day with more if done overnight. Even though both the Roche and Abbott methods use the realtime PCR technology, the gene targets are different.

In addition, their principles in designing primers and probes are also different.


While the Roche method uses the standard TaqMan technology, a different and partially double stranded probe is introduced to the Abbott method Finan and Zhao, ; Johanson et al. In this configuration, signal is not created by probe hydrolysis but by separation of the probe from quencher oligonucleotide.

Consequently, even though both methods are based on the same principle, due to the differences in their proprietary primer and probe designs, compatibility of these two methods has not been well documented.

The abnott of this study was to compare results of HIV-1 VL quantification between the two methods. This study was approved by the Institutional Research Board under the protocol number of H All blood samples were collected in EDTA tubes.

The Abbott m 0. HIV viral particles were first lysed and an HIV-1 Quantitation Standard QS Armored RNA molecule was added to each sample, which was followed by a series of processes which involves incubation, introduction of magnetic particles, washing to remove unbound particles and elution of nucleic acid NA at elevated temperatures. The Version 2 of the m open mode 0. This automated system uses magnetic microparticles-based reagents for the purification of nucleic acid from the samples.

The general principle for NA extraction is similar to that of the Roche method, i. Finally, the NA was released using an elution buffer.

An internal control was added into the samples abboft procedure.

The extracted NA was mixed with the amplification reagents before amplification with the mrt Abbott, a ; Abbott, Following reverse transcription, the RNA: Real-time PCR was used for detection. Dual-labeled fluorescent probes for HIV-1 and HIV-1 QS-specific oligonucleotides were used, each labeled with different reporter dyes and a quencher dye.

The fluorescence activity was converted into VL yields by the analyzer Roche, The Abbott mrt performed m200s0p automated amplification and detection process. Detection by real-time technology used two probes of different lengths: The fluorescence counts were converted into VL measure by the analyzer Abbott, a ; Abbott, All VL values were first transformed into the log10 format.

Pearson correlation test was used to measure the overall correlation of the VL between the two methods. The Bland-Altman analysis was used for the analysis of the concordance of the abbot methods Bland and Altman, A total of paired plasma samples were tested in the same day by both methods Table 2. The Abbott method positively identified samples out of with the detectability of Consistently, comparison of the distribution and median values of VL between these two methods also showed similar median VL values but a slight wider distribution by the Roche method than the Abbott method was seen Figure 2.

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The difference between these two methods was Log10 0. Each data point represents one of the paired quantifi able plasma samples.

The best fi t for the regression analysis is indicated by the solid line. The equation of the fi tted line and the Pearson coeffi cient of determination are presented on the plot.

Box and Whisker plot for the quantifi able plasma samples. The plot to the left represents the distribution aabbott the VL from the Abbott method assay and the plot to the right represents the distribution of VL from the Roche assay. The solid line in the box indicates the median value and the ends of the whiskers indicate the minimum and maximum values. There were a total of 46 M2000s ND Roche samples, 15 of them However, comparison of the differences of VL measurements between the two methods by using the Bland Altman plot showed rough symmetric distribution of the differences and babott log differences in Together, these data suggest that neither method is better than the other for measuring VL.

Bland-Altman analysis of the quantitative results. The vertical axis represenst the VL differences the M200sp method minus the Roche method and the horizontal axis represenst m2000ps means of VL. The number of samples within this range was In this study, we have compared VL quantification by the Roche and the Abbott methods side-by-side.

Our data showed that these two methods are essentially indistinguishable with a correlation coefficient of 0. However, a relative significant percentage It is unclear at the moment the source of the discrepancies.

The observed differences could potentially be due to a number of intrinsic differences abbtt these two assays, e. For examples, the Abbott method has been shown to have better detectability of non-B subtypes Geelen et al. Thus some of the discordant samples could potentially be due to the HIV-1 subtype differences. One way to further evaluate the cause of the m2000p discrepancies is to determine the HIV-1 subtypes by DNA sequencing. However, this agbott should not be the major contributing factor because a recent surveillance study at the University of Maryland Medical Center showed that about Furthermore, the input plasma volume is different between the two methods.

In addition, different abbptt of the methods could also potentially explain some of the discordant results. It should be mentioned that the genetic diversity sbbott HIV-1 subtypes could present a significant challenge in the accurate VL monitoring of HIV-infected patients who carry non-B subtypes Damond et al.

Results of this study are unable to evaluate the potential differences between these two assays in this regard. Other assay performance characteristics such as analytical specificity, linearity, reproducibility, and precision were not evaluated. In conclusion, the two methods ,2000sp strong correlation in measuring VL within their testing dynamic range. Various intrinsic factors including the gene target, LOD, input volume and different precision of the methods and variations in HIV-1 subtypes could potentially explain some of the discordant results.

Future work includes increase of the testing population size, determination of the HIV-1 subtypes and DNA sequence analysis of those discrepant samples.

The authors would like to thank the staff at the molecular diagnostics laboratory at the University of Maryland Medical Center for their support to ensure comparative testing in realtime.

Abbott Msp Liquid Handler W/ Mrt PCR | eBay

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Find great deals for Fondamenti di programmazione dei calcolatori elettronici. Shop with confidence on eBay!. Fondamenti di Informatica I − a.a. Che cos’è l’informatica − 2. L’ informatica non è, quindi, la scienza e la tecnologia dei calcolatori elettronici: il. Programmazione concorrente, Sicurezza dei sistemi informatici e delle reti, Ricerca Calcolatori elettronici, Programmazione funzionale, Elementi di informatica, Analisi dei sistemi ad eventi, Fondamenti di telecomunicazioni, Elettronica ed.

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Il corso introduce alla risoluzione algoritmica di problemi e alla programmazione. Il corso mira a fornire solide basi in merito alla programmazione dei calcolatori elettronici per la risoluzione di problemi con il linguaggio Java facendo uso di strutture dati fondamentali, quali gli array e le matrici.

Scheda Insegnamento

Obiettivi formativi in termini di risultati di apprendimento attesi. Il modulo mira a fornire solide basi in merito alla programmazione dei calcolatori elettronici per la risoluzione di problemi con il linguaggio Java facendo uso di strutture dati fondamentali, quali gli array e le matrici.

Il concetto di Problema e Algoritmo. Proggammazione linguaggi di programmazione. Linguaggi di Linguaggi di programmazione ad alto livello. Linguaggi di programmazione a basso livello.

Operatori logici Il Computer: La rappresentazione delle informazioni. Assegnazione, Aritmetici e Unari. Operatori di Uguaglianza, relazionali e condizionali.

Batini fondamenti di programmazione dei calcolatori elettronici pdf

Espressioni, dichiarazioni e blocchi. Controllo del Flusso di un programma: Istruzione if- then e if-then-else. Istruzione do e do-while. Passaggio di parametri ad un metodo. Creazione, inizializzazione, e Accesso a un array. Utilizzo di cicli e array. Algoritmi di ricerca e ordinamento su array: Tecnica divide et impera.

Cenni alla Programmazione orientata agli Oggetti. Metodi e criteri di valutazione dell’apprendimento. Un voto strettamente inferiore a 15 comporta la non ammissione alla prova orale. Testi di riferimento ed eventuali letture consigliate.

Introduction to Programming with Java. Orario delle lezioni, Calendario degli esami, Commissione d’esame. The course introduces to design problem solutions using an algorithmic approach. The course aims to provide solid foundations about computer programming for problem solving through the Java language, using simple data structures, such as arrays and matrices.

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Introduction to Computer Programming: The notion of Problem and Algorithm. The representation of the information.

Assignment, Arithmetic and Unary Operatos. Equality, Relational and Conditional Operators. Expressions, Statements and Blocks. The if-then and if-then-else statements. The while and do-while statements. Passing Information to a Method. Creating, Initializing, and Accessing an Array. Combining loops and array. Algorithm of search and sort in array: Divide et impera technique. The course consists of lecture hours and hours in the laboratory dedicated to exercises and practical experiences in order to capture both the theoretical aspects and their immediate applicability.

Lectures are carried out by using the traditional blackboard or with the aid of computer by using powerpoint presentations. Eelttronici teaching approach is realized in the synergy between individual learning based on simulation of real or probable work situationscollaborative learning based on sharing existing knowledge and learned and cooperative learning based on sharing a set of elettfonici. Methods and Criteria for Learning Assessment. The exam consists in a written test and an oral discussion.

The written test is passed if the vote is greater or equal to In this case the student is admitted to the oral discussion. A vote lesser than 15 does not allow the admission to the oral discussion. The final vote is determined based on the assessment of the written test and the oral discussion.

There pfogrammazione a comparison on traces, examinations and student engagement with Andrea Pugliese, Sergio Greco. Moreover, a comparison is provided on the topics covered during the course. Timetable, Examinations Schedule, Examinations Committee.


Fluid Dynamic Lift 2ND Edition [Sighard Hoerner] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Results 1 – 8 of 8 Fluid-Dynamic Lift by Hoerner, Sighard F.; Borst, Henry V. and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at. Fluid Dynamics Drag book of theoretical, experimental, and statistical information in aerodynamics dealing with issue and problems.

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Hoerner studied mechanical engineering at the Technical University of Munichearning a Dipl. Finally, he obtained a degree as Dr.

From there, he went to Junkerswhere he worked as the head of design aerodynamics, before going to Messerschmittwhere he worked as fluuid research aerodynamicist during World War II. After the war, he was “invited” Operation Paperclip to emigrate to the United States, where he worked in aerodynamics at Wright Field in Ohio. In andDr.

Hoerner prepared a manuscript for the book Aerodynamic Drag. The technical publishing houses in New York City were not confident enough to bring a book as specialized as this to the market. As a result, he published the book himself inusing a photo-offset process and sold copies of the book by mail order from his home.

Fluid-Dynamic Lift

Hoernee it was reissued as Fluid-Dynamic Drag. With the rapid progress in aerodynamics over the years, he prepared an update to the book, which was published in This book contains documentation of the worldwide knowledge at the time of the sources of aerodynamic drag and the means to quantify aerodynamic drag. While substantial knowledge on this subject has been learned sincethis book is often the starting point in work where aerodynamic drag must be calculated.

Hoerner a contract in the mids to write a companion volume Fluid-Dynamic Lift. Co-authored with Henry V. Hoerner died before publication.

Sighard F. Hoerner – Wikipedia

This book, like its companion, contains documentation of the worldwide knowledge on the generation of aerodynamic lift and is still used heavily. Hoerner was married to Liselotte A. After his death, she continued the mail order business, selling copies of both books to engineers around the world.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hydraulicians in EuropeVolume 2p.

Fluid-Dynamic Lift (June edition) | Open Library

Retrieved from ” https: Aerodynamicists Aviation pioneers German aerospace engineers American aerospace engineers births deaths Technical University of Munich alumni Operation Paperclip 20th-century American engineers. Views Read Edit View history.

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arpegiado. broken chord2 for. figuración basada en un arpegio [e. g.: bajo de Alberti]. broken consort bist. conjunto instrumental formado por instrumentos de. Prática de bateria / Autor: Zequinha Galvão (Dividido em três módulos, tem como Acordes, Arpejos e Escalas para Violão e Guitarra Autor: Nelson Faria. MUSIC I ANGEL AKADEO LABRUNA; tango, musica y letra de Antonio Qalllcohlo y Julio O Editorial Musical Arpegio; llPeb57 (in notice: ); BFO-

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A broken chord is a chord broken into a sequence of notes. A broken chord may repeat some of the notes from the chord and span one or more octaves. An arpeggio may also span more than one octave. The word arpeggio comes from the Italian word arpeggiarewhich means to play on a harp.

Even though the notes of an arpeggio are not played or sung all together at the same time, listeners hear the sequence of notes as forming a chord. When an arpeggio also contains passing tones that are not part of the chord, different music theorists may analyze the same musical excerpt differently. Arpeggios enable composers writing for monophonic instruments that play one note at a time e.

Arpeggios and broken chords are also used to help create zrpejo interest.

A notable example of which is the Alberti bass figuration which was widely used in emm music from the Classical music period. With an Alberti bass, rather than play the notes of a chord all at once, the pianist plays simple rhythmic figures in which the notes geclado the chord are played arprjo a broken chord. An arpeggio is a group of notes which are played one after the other, added either going up or going down. Executing an pars requires the player to play the sounds of a chord individually to differentiate the notes.

The notes all belong to one chord. The chord may, for example, be a simple chord with the 1stmajor or minor 3rd, and 5th notes of the scale in it this is called a ” tonic triad”. An arpeggio is a type of broken chord.

Other types of broken chords play chord notes out of sequence or more than one note but less than the full chord simultaneously. Arpeggios can rise or fall for more than one octave. Students of musical instruments and singers learn how to play and sing scales and arpeggios.

They are often a requirement for music examinations. An “arpeggiated chord” means a chord which is “spread”, i. Arpeggiated chords are often used in harp and piano music.

An arpeggiated chord may be written with a wavy vertical line in front arpeoj the chord.

Estudo Op. 10, nº. 1 (Chopin)

It is spread from the lowest to the highest note. This is shown by adding an arrow pointing down. Some ostinato figures consist of arpeggios. Arpeggios are an important part of the jazz improvisation vocabulary of horns and keyboards, guitars, and bass. In Western classical musica chord that is played first with the lowest note and then with successive higher notes joining in is called arpeggiato. Sometimes this effect is reversed, with the highest note coming first.

In some modern popular music arpeggiato is called a rolled chord. In early video fm musicarpeggios were often the only way to play a chord since sound hardware usually had a very limited number of oscillators, or voices.

Instead of tying them all up to play one chord, one channel could be used to play an arpeggio, leaving the rest for drums, bass, or sound effects.

A prominent example was the music of games and demos on Commodore 64 oara SID chip, which only had three oscillators, see also Chiptune. The technique was highly popular amongst European video game music composers for systems in the 80’s like the NES ; with many transferring their knowledge from their days of composing with the Commodore However, this technique was rarely used by American and Japanese composers.

A bell chordalso known colloquially as “bells”, is a technique used in musical arrangement in which single notes of a chord are played in sequence by separate instruments or multiples of the same instrument which sustain their individual notes wrpejo allow the chord to be heard.

This is also known as a “pyramid” or “cascade”. It is common in barbershop music. The technique originated with jazz big bands and is a staple of trad jazz.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Arpeggio disambiguation. A series of arpeggios in J. Bach ‘s Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring. Sound sample with arpeggios. A synthesized flute-like instrument and a harp playing various chords in arpeggio, joined later by strings aepejo the same notes simultaneously.

An Appreciationp. Four Oara, No Waiting: Major Minor Augmented Diminished Suspended. Sixth Augmented sixth Lydian Seven six. Mixed interval Secundal Tertian Quartal Synthetic chord.

CTK – Teclado de alta gama – Instrumentos musicales electrónicos – CASIO

Approach Borrowed Chromatic mediant Neapolitan Passing. Secondary dominant Secondary leading-tone Secondary supertonic. Common Contrast Primary triad Subsidiary Substitute. Arpeggio List of chords Factor. Retrieved from ” https: Harmony Melody Guitar performance techniques Ornamentation. Articles with hAudio microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 27 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Problems playing this file?

Arpeggiated chord An arpeggiated chord. Sound sample with arpeggios A synthesized flute-like etclado and a harp playing various chords in arpeggio, joined later by strings playing the same notes simultaneously. Look up arpeggio in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.