The Pasteurization of France, trans. A. Sheridan and J. Law, Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press, , BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish.
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This distinction between the two mechanisms is an essential one, because the strategies that it implemented were quite different and could vary in the same article. The immense trust in Pasteur derived partly from the work that he had done beforewhich did not concern infectious dis- eases, and partly from the social movement og needed these dis- coveries but went well beyond them without waiting for them to be made.
In particular, they do not wait for the sociologist to define for them the society in which they live. Like the psychoanalysts, the Pasteurians set themselves up as exclusive interpreters of populations to which no one else had access. The concepts of infrastructure thus regards immense energies as being mobilized by this contradiction of health and wealth throughout Europe. What struck all the authors of the Revue may be summed up in the sentence: It was already becoming more difficult to reverse them.
He is willing to hand Pasteur the keys of the Institut simply by sug- gesting its possibihty. We would like science to be free of latou and politics.
The Pasteurization of France — Bruno Latour | Harvard University Press
I am not using the word “agent” in any metaphorical or ironical sense but in the semiotic sense. Although every town in France has a street named for Pasteur, was he alone able to stop people from spitting, persuade them to dig drains, influence them to undergo vaccination? Tolstoy, who writes about the battle in War and Peace, framce not quite sure that it took place at all. When a timid challenge is raised, Richet, his flank guard, writes with condescension: It was not only France, humiliated and defeated, that had to bp regenerated; it was also mankind in general and, more particularly, the urban masses.
To this end we have created, in a single movement, politics on one side and science or technoscience on the other Shapin and Schaffer: The same went for drains.
They ended up being convincing because the hygienists believed them and forced everybody else to put them into practice. He was educated in Dijon, where he studied philosophy and Biblical exegesis. Once they had accumulated everything; now they ordered. Without a complete resurrection of the great French science pasteurizarion former times, there is no possible salvation”p.
If we do not restore the power ratio between the social movement at work throughout Europe and the few bacteriological laboratories, we cannot understand the real contribution of those laboratories, just as we cannot understand what Kutuzov did if we attribute to him the pasturization movement of his army.
Pasteur’s success depended katour a whole network of forces, So what conclusion should we draw when we hear historians, es- pecially French historians, describe not the victory or defeat of Na- poleon but the victories of Pasteur, that other French genius, over the microbes?
To make up society with only social connections, omitting the invisibles, is to end up with general corruption, a perverse deviation of good human intentions. It is the same here. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here For all these reasons it was necessary to speak of “morbid spon- taneity.
As Richet continues, “Despite the progress of science, despite the advance of physicians and engineers, the hygienic economy of a great and ancient city hke Paris remains more or less out of control.
What we have to do is not to explain bacteriology in sociological terms but to make those two logoi once more frande nizable.
Bruno Latour – The Pasteurization of France
Paperbackpages. The act of operating no longer kills: It should be said that in Pasteur’s case justice got carried away, since it soon attributed to him what he did not in fact do and paid him the homage of the entire hygienist movement.
The radical party, for instance, gained ground every- where by forcing the traditional agents of the social game to take account of the dangerous laboring classes, whose actions and inten- tions were so little known.
But to understand everything is to understand nothing.
Without being exhaustive, I nevertheless recorded the great majority of the allusions, however distant, to Pasteur and his microbes throughout the pages of the Revue. Appealing to an example from an earlier period might Introduction 7 help us find a way out. Going against much of the crowd, the first part of the work has significantly more substance than his pzsteurization.
If we recall the way in which different authors place Pasteur when they begin to talk about him in the early s, we are struck by one overwhelming fact: The results of this new trial of strength were spectacular, “indisputable.
By deploying the same forces, Fuchs frznce results that bear no comparison with earHer ones. To prove his point he looks at a case the biological revolution of Louis Pasteur in which it appears pasfeurization science impacted society and not the other way around. These figures ought also, if science and societies were Popperian, to put into question all the efforts of the hygienists and, still more, those of their Pasteurian allies.
Lists with This Book. The scientists translates the generals interests: Moreover, the diffusion and transformation of the scientific idea was not independent from the social interest.
Instead there are only actants or actors who are part of network and who are latohr network themselves. The only way to demonstrate francs proof that might win consent is to take an example that is as far removed as possible from the thesis Pasteurziation 8 War and Peace of Microbes am trying to prove. Even if we admit that the content of microbiology was responsible for the trust placed in it, we cannot explain this closing operation in every case by the “real” efficacy of microbiology or of hygiene, since this operation precedes and makes possible the generalization of these two sciences.